Emotions are revealed by the modulation of facial expressions and tones. On the stage of infants emotion expresses strongly and is without any external cause. They expressed crying and shouting. In the first two months of the baby, the baby shows only two feelings – enjoyment and discomfort caused by physical stimulation. The baby exposes these feelings through physical activity as relaxing the body to show joy and soften body with his arms and legs kicking while he sees the inconvenience of crying. In the third month, physical stimulation combined with psychic stimulation allows the baby to express the emotions of pleasure by smiling when it comes into contact with a human face and expresses the discomfort associated with facial expression and crying. In childhood, expressions do not appear vigorously, but in a more rational way. This is due to the factors of language development and the development of social behavior that allows the child to understand that they are not always emotional. The development of his mind controls emotional outbursts. Happiness, anger, sadness, fear, love, sympathy, and empathy are the common emotions that the child exerts. Let's see how they express these emotions. Happiness expresses happiness with a completely joyful smile, and later with a lively or fruitful laugh. The baby smiles and laughs at reaching new skills or overcoming obstacles to reach the goal. He also shows happiness to the nurse's love and encouragement. In the early weeks, the child smiles when he is full of gentle touches and tones. By the end of the first month, he smiles at something, says a bright object coming through his field of vision. Social interaction begins within three months when the baby is smiling to contact the acquaintances. Laughter begins within 3-4 months when the parent plays with the baby.
For about six months, the baby smiles and laughs better. For about 10 to 12 months, the baby's smile differs from the context as a broad-faced smile that responds to the greeting of the parent, a sustainable smile, a friendly stranger, and a smile open to the mouth while playing a stimulating game. The baby is socially well-developed when it is 2 years old and emotional expression is deliberate or intentional. She is happy to respond to an adult playing an interesting game. Anger is expressed by newborns when they are hungry and find discomforts in the body condition such as temperature changes and excessive stimulation or too little stimulation. The frequency and intensity of anger increases for 4-6 months for the second year. These feelings expressly express themselves in situations such as when playing an interesting object that is removed from them, or if the goal is obstructed or when the nurse leaves the space for a short time or when a game is played it stops functioning. Anger is intense when the baby does not get the warm behavior expected from the nurse. Anger can be expressed as an outbreak of bad emotion – the baby can hit, kick, cry, and scream. Sadness
Sadness is expressed in the same situations as causing anger. But this emotion is much less common than anger. Fear
Children of 6 and 12 months express this emotion. They are a fear to an animal when they leave them alone when they meet strangers, go to strange places and suddenly hear loud voices. The fear is expressed with crying. The infant of this age group is willing to play a new game with fear. Those who are just starting to crawl have more fear. In six months time, such fears rise as an obstacle to the crawling behavior of creeping and walking babies. Most babies and toddlers, though they do not express their fears when interacting with strangers. They are still cautious about aliens. The baby is excited by the fear of an unknown adult picking up in a strange environment. This fear can be reduced in the way of approaching aliens who pick up the baby. You should approach him slowly to show that the baby is playing an attractive game or playing an interesting game that the baby knows.
These emotions are the baby's most intimate caretaker, baby's mother. When the baby sees her mother in her room, she gives a broad friendly smile. When he picked it up, he patted his face, put his tiny, tiny arm in his hair and needs his body. Sympathy is made through the facial expression of the baby that the baby learns from the mother in response to the situation. Empathy Empathy is an emotion you observe and recognize what happens to others – feeling bad because someone else feels bad.
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