Early Trauma and Brain Development in Infants

There are so many things to consider when you are pregnant and when you bring your newborn's home. There are many joys, questions and concerns that exist in the parents' minds, whether we are totally new to parents or many children as experienced parents. Babies are developing so fast in the first year, from helpless newborns to self-moving, communicative babies. One of the developmental issues that is unpleasant to think about is the effect of the early trauma of brain development in babies. What is the physical and emotional trauma of the baby's developing brain?

Perhaps the most respected form of physical infant brain trauma is the "shake baby's syndrome" that occurs when a baby is admitted and moves within the brain of the developing brain that causes the brain to bleed. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the joint result of shaking is "subdural bleeding caused by disturbances of small bridging vessels connected to parts of the brain". Such a shocked child may be "subdural bleeding, subarachnoid bleeding, or both."

Such bleeding is the result of a serious illness and mortality rate. AAP reported that "in those episodes that initially studied coma, 60% died or had significant mental retardation, spastic quadriplegia or severe motor dysfunction or cerebral infarction." Shaken infections that do not receive medical care later may have motor, behavioral or learning problems for an unknown cause.

Other Trauma Infants can experience trauma that is not necessarily associated with physical trauma. For example, one-off events such as natural disasters or ongoing events, such as sexual harassment or war, may affect the baby's developing brain. Since such a trauma experience, it can bring the victim to a disadvantageous situation. Bruce D. Perry, MD, Ph.D., and the collections claim that such trauma affects the central nervous system in many ways. One of the effects is a "fight or flight" response, in which "everyday stressors who have not been able to respond to the question, are now triggering reactions." Children suffering from trauma may be "hyperactive and too sensitive".

Infants suffering from trauma may also exhibit a "freezing" response in which they dissociate in response to the threat or fear. This "freezing" is a way for a child to leave the situation and to retreat to an inner world trying to figure out an answer to a threat. These kids look like numb, robotic or dreamy.

Perry et al. It is a report that the duration of response to trauma therapy is influenced by a number of factors, the most important of which seems to be "the availability of a healthy and responsible carer for the child after some trauma after receiving some support and nursing care." suffer from the same trauma as infections, so they need treatment to care for their children. If the "carer" is the source of trauma, "the child's emotional survival depends on a security zone that includes new true caregivers."

Additional Resources

Obviously, this is a general overview of a complex topic and does not intend to provide a comprehensive picture. For more information on early trauma and brain development of infants, the pediatrician can provide insight. You can also find your AAP site useful.

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