Sigmund Freud was best recorded on the basis of five stages of human development. This theory was based on observation and a thorough record of the memories of adults during therapeutic sessions, and Sigmund Freud himself. Freud began his work in the 1880s, and by the end of the 1890s his theory gradually shifted five more formalities. The theory was primarily responsible for patients suffering from hysterical symptoms who experienced sexual traumas in the early stages of their life, as well as later repression or subliminal "prolongation" and other unpleasant thoughts of previous life events. Despite the comprehensive overview of all the basic assumptions about Freud's personality theory, and the enormous amount of information he has written in his life, which would be virtually impossible to sum up, even beyond this project, some important assumptions will be discussed. Nevertheless, in order to better understand the general knowledge base and the theory of the five sections, in my opinion, before discussing the theatrical theory of personality development, it is essential that theories refer to the components of the mind and the personality as these two concepts are intricately intertwined with the five phases. [1] One of the main concepts and theories of Freud's theory puts the human principle into three distinct categories. According to his theory, the components of the mind include conscious, pre-conscious and sub-conscious areas (Freud, 2002, rev.) As the title suggests, the conscious mind consists of the things we are currently aware of and which are currently noteworthy. mind can be understood as being the major part of our actual consciousness. This concept can prevail, as most people have occasionally listened to others, such as "Pure consciousness" or "I was not aware of that at that time" in occasional conversations. Freud's theory is that the forerunned mind contains all the things we know but are not listening to at present (Freud, 2002, revised edition). about them and their intent Finally, with regard to the pre-conscious mind, Freud believed that we could control our consciousness to a certain extent, from concentrating very closely on a conscious act to a wider consciousness seeking to extend consciousness so much precision information as much as possible. At the subconscious level, the process and the content do not directly reach the conscious mind. The subconscious thinks and acts independently (Freud, 2002 revised edition). One of Freud's most important finding was that the behavior came directly from the subconscious. The alarming consequence of this is that we are largely unable to control our behavior and especially what we sometimes avoid. Recent research has shown that the subconscious's theory is probably more responsible for our actions than Freud found out for Murphy, 2001).

The three main components of personality were featured in Freud's massive, comprehensive theory. These components include Id, Ego, and Super ego. Id contains primitive shoots and largely functions in accordance with the principle of joy, whose two main goals are to avoid joy and pain (Freud, 1962). Freud claims that he does not have a true understanding of reality and seeks to meet his needs by calling the dominant processes of the infant's existence, including hunger and self-defense. Unlike Id, the ego is aware of the reality and the reality of reality. The principle of reality implies that the ego recognizes what is real and understands that the behavior has consequences. This includes the effects of social rules needed to live and socialize with other people. It uses secondary processes, such as perception, detection, judgment, and memory that develops in childhood. The dilemma of the ego is to somehow balance the needs of Id and Super ego with the limitations of reality (Freud, 1962). The ego directs higher spiritual processes such as argumentation and problem solving used to solve the Id-Super ego dilemma and creatively find ways to safely fulfill the basic urgency of Id within the limits of the Super ego. The Super ego contains our values ​​and our social morality, which often come from the rules of right and wrong that they learned from their parents in childhood and are in conscience. The Super ego model is an ego ideal that is used as a prototype to which the ego resembles and directed the ego. The Super ego counterbs Id and is designed to hinder the search needs of time, especially sex and aggression.

Now, one of the most famous aspects of Freudian theory, the five stages of human life are evolution. This theory came from the fact that Freud observed the memory of adults in their life therapy (Freud, 2003, revised ed.). In this work, he stated that children were not observed directly. Although Freud's theory was criticized for the lack of scientific knowledge, the description of personality is a great metaphor. The stages of development include the Oral Stage, which is the first stage. This section begins at birth and usually ends at about 2 years of age. In the oral cavity, babies and toddlers are looking for the world in the most sensitive areas of their mouths. They also learn to use their mouths to communicate. The next stage is the Anal Stage. This section usually starts at about 2 years of age and lasts for about a year. At the anal stage, the children learn to test the loss of body loss. The Phallic Stage is the next step. It usually lasts about 3 years and lasts about 5 years. The Phallic Stage is probably the most controversial in all stages because of the strong sexual principles for the opposite parents in such an early age. Further explanation of the discussion is Freud's description of Oedipus and Electra complexes, castration anxiety and penis envy concepts. Oedipus Complex refers to her son's sexual attraction, while Electra Complex is just the opposite. These complexes, according to Freudian theory, lead to a normal differentiation of male and female personalities. The repressive defense mechanism has been invoked to explain why they did not remember this section. At this stage, according to Freud's theory, children discover sexual differences and inequalities. The phallic stage was followed by a delay period in which few new developments can be observed. At this stage, boys usually play with boys and girls with girls. Sexual interest is low or does not exist. The final stage is the genital phase. It is about 12 years old and ends with the peak of puberty. Sexual interests are awakened again. However, the sexual interests that are created in this period are true partners instead of the right and the opposite parents.

I argue that arbitrary and somewhat capricious character can easily be deduced from Freud's theoretical framework. As soon as it has happened to me, the importance of the divisional mind and the most important components of personality becomes evident in the decision-making process and the proper progress on each stage of development. Further explain that the self-sustaining consciousness level and environment are directly proportional to the successful transition from birth to adulthood. In earlier life, this awareness increases the likelihood of successful personality development. Freud's assumptions about the function of social work are not clear, but his understanding of his great concepts would seem to be very useful if he is working in a social environment. This means that, for example, for real-time social work practice applications, the best thing would be to know whether a person has developed successfully and functionally as an adult, if he or she becomes highly conscious or if the past memories are factors. I really think the above-mentioned applications are the most important strengths of Freud's theory. As mentioned earlier, Freud's work was so extensive that in most cases it was difficult, though not impossible, to determine its effectiveness. I find that in most cases, Freud was successful. Although it can not be accurately or properly quantified in relation to the behavioral analysis applied, it may seem that its concepts can be useful to most people.


American Psychological Association. (2002). The American Psychological Association publication (5th edition). Washington, DC

Freud, S. (1962). Ego and Id (Standard Edition of Complete Psychological Works by Sigmund Freud). N.Y., New York. W. W. Norton and Company

Freud, S. (2002 Revised Edition). Three essays on the theory of sexuality. N. Y., New York: Basic Books

Freud, S. (2003 Revised Edition). The outline of psychoanalysis. N.Y., New York: Penguin Classics

Murphy, Joseph (2001). The subconscious power. N.Y., New York: Bantam

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