Impact on child development, brain development, psychopathology and interpersonal relationships

Neglect, physical abuse and sexual harassment (widespread, child abuse) have a profound and long-lasting impact on child development . The long-term effect of chronic early ill-treatment on a child's caring relationship (also known as complex post-traumatic stress disorder) can be observed both in the higher proportion of psychiatric disorders, in increased drug consumption and in many serious relationships. Child abuse is an intergenerational problem. Most often, the perpetrators of abuse and neglect significantly harm people who have been abused and neglected.

There are clear links between neglect and abuse, then psychological, emotional, behavioral and interpersonal disorders. The basis of this correlation is the impact of abuse and neglect on brain development. Daniel Siegel, Medical Director of the Infant and Kindergarten Service at Los Angeles University of California, found important links between interpersonal and neurobiological development.

We know that a child uses the parent's mental state to regulate the child's own mental processes. Due to the sensitive, sensitive and caring relationship with the primary caregiver, the child develops self-control skills, emotional control, behavioral regulation, and cognitive skills such as reason-effect thinking. The ability of the child to regulate emotions and to create a cohesive self-consciousness requires delicate and sensitive parenting. The National Employment Center has found that 52% of acceptable children are afflicted with anxiety disorder. In another study, Cicchetti and Barnett found that 80% of interrupted or inflamed infections were symptomatic of disorder. The best predictor of your child's attachment rating is the state of mind about the birth mother's attachment. The assignment rating of the birth mother of the child before birth can predict the childhood assignment rating of a child over six years of age with an accuracy of 80%. This is a remarkable achievement. Finally, Mary Dozier, Ph.D., that the assignment rating of the nursing mother has a comprehensive impact on the child's attachment class. He found that the child's attachment classification is similar to the nursing mother after three months of placement. These findings strongly argue for a non-genetic mechanism for transferring attachment patterns between generations.

Children with sexual harassment pose a significant risk of anxiety disorders (2.0 times on average), severe depressive disorders (3.4 times average), alcohol consumption (2.5 times average), drug abuse consumption (average 3.8 times) antisocial behavior 4.3-fold average).

Generally, the brain's left hemisphere is the right side of the tongue, engine activity, language-based logical thought. The right axis of the brain is responsible for motor activity on the left side of the body, for context detection, face recognition, interpersonal and emotional processing, and holistic perception. The orbital-frontal cortex (the brain just behind the eye) is responsible for integrating the emotional reactions generated in the limbic system with higher cognitive functions than, for example, Design and language in the prefrontal lobes of the cerebral cortex. The left orbital-frontal cortex is responsible for creating memory while the right orbital-frontal cortex is responsible for memory retrieval. Integrated right and left hemispheres are required for healthy operation. A significant number of synaptic relationships are formed along the brain cells in the first year of life until the middle of the second year of life. The integrated brain requires connections between the hemispheres by the corpus callosum. Abused and neglected children have smaller corpus callosum than non-abused children. In the ill-integrated brain hemisphere of abusive and neglected children. This poor integration of the hemispheres and the omission of orbitofrontal cortex is based on symptoms such as emotional difficulties, lack of cause-effect thinking, accurate recognition of emotions in others, child's ability to feel emotional, incoherent self-consciousness and autobiographical history and lack of consciousness.

The brains of the abused children are not as well integrated as the brains of non-abused children. This will help to explain why the abused children have significant difficulties in emotional regulation, integrated operation and social development. Consciousness development and empathic ability are the great functions of orbital frontal cortex. If you are hindered by the development of the brain in this area, there are important social and emotional difficulties. It is very interesting that the orbital frontal cortex is sensitive to facial recognition and eye contact. Abused children often have binding abnormalities because their parents do not have sensitive interactions with the child.

Early interpersonal experiences have a profound effect on the brain as the brain circles responsible for the social perception agree with those that integrate functions such as the creation of a report, body states regulation, emotional regulation, memory and interpersonal communication and empathy . Stressed experiences that are excessively traumatizing or chronic, causing chronic elevated levels of nervous system hormones. High levels of these hormones can cause permanent damage to the hippocampus, which is critical to memory. Based on this, we may assume that a psychological trauma may damage a person's ability to create and retain memory and prevent the trauma from being resolved.

Abusive and neglected children show different behaviors that can lead to many diagnoses. However, the impact of early abuse and neglect on the child can be seen in several critical development areas. These areas include emotional regulation, behavior control, attachment, biology, elasticity of response, cohesion integrated self-sensitivity over time, emotional coherence, self-concept, cognitive abilities and learning, and conscientiousness.

The effects of early abuse on child development are significant and lasting. Impact of abuse on a developing brain of the brain that causes effects in many areas, including social, psychological and cognitive development. The ability to regulate emotions and interact with emotions depends on early experience and the development of brain specific areas. Early illness causes deficiencies in the development of brain regions, primarily the development of orbital frontal cortex and corpus callosum, due to the toxicity of stress hormones in the developing brain.

These results strongly suggest that effective treatment requires a sensitive, emotionally-coordinated relationship. Siegel stated, "As parents think of closely related children about mental states that create a common subjective experience, they join them in an important constructive process to understand how the mind works. Co-operative communication is also crucial for interpersonal relationships to facilitate child's internal integration. "This has an impact on the effective treatment of abused children. For example, if the client is able to reflect on the aspects of traumatic memories and to experience the effects associated with these memories, without being regulated, the client develops expanded capacity to tolerate the ever-increasing effects. The client learns self-regulation. The resonant relationship based on the interaction between the client and the therapist allows the client to be meaningful (left-hemispheric function) from memories, autobiographical representations and effects (right hemisphere functions).

Arthur Becker-Weidman, Ph.D.
Center for Family Development
5820 Main Street, suite 406
Williamsville, NY 14221

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